The number one cause of tooth loss in adults is the gum disease known as periodontitis. Usually, periodontitis begins as gingivitis and develops into periodontitis. The differences between these two gum diseases are important and treatment options depend on which gum disease a patient has been affected with.
As your premier dental office in the greater Denver, Colorado area, Johnson Dental can perform gum therapy if you have been afflicted with one of these gum diseases. Let us fill you in on the difference between gingivitis and periodontitis and how we can treat each of them at our Wheat Ridge, Colorado office.
Gingivitis vs. Periodontitis
While gingivitis and periodontitis are similar in the fact they are both gum diseases, the two are incredibly different. Gingivitis is the more common of the two gum diseases and requires less invasive treatment than periodontitis.
Gingivitis is the non-destructive form of gum disease. While gums become inflamed and can bleed easily when brushing or flossing, no permanent structural damage is done to the mouth or jaw. Treating gingivitis is much easier than it’s more destructive counterpart. At Johnson Dental, we can give you a professional teeth cleaning to remove all plaque and tartar build up.
While gingivitis is easy to prevent and treat, if left untreated it can develop into periodontitis. Periodontitis is much more difficult to treat than gingivitis because the disease has had time to become stronger. Periodontitis causes the gums to recede from your teeth, causing them to loosen. You may even lose teeth as a result of periodontitis.
Periodontitis does not develop without symptoms, however. Swollen or red gums can be a sign of either gingivitis or periodontitis but loose teeth is a sign of the latter. Additionally, if you constantly have bad breath or if your teeth don’t fit together like they once did, then you might have the more destructive form of gum disease.
Treating periodontitis is also much more invasive than treating gingivitis. While professional dental cleanings from Johnson Dental will treat gingivitis, much more is necessary to repair the damage done by periodontitis. Bone and tissue grafts may be required if your jaw bone or gums have been damaged to a great extent. Also, surgery may be required to remove the plaque and tartar build up from under the gums.
Preventing Gum Disease
It is a universal truth that preventing a disease is much easier, and less expensive, than treating it is. Luckily, preventing gum disease is easy. Here are some surefire ways to prevent gum disease:
- Brush and floss daily
- Get professional dental cleanings every 3-4 months from Johnson Dental
- Avoid unhealthy lifestyle habits like smoking
If you are concerned that you have gum disease and require gum disease therapy, you can call our Wheat Ridge, Colorado office at 303.422.8748 or contact us here to schedule an appointment.